Obviously your resume is not the same as your cover letter. It’s common for employers to ask for both a resume and a cover letter. Yours should be approximately three paragraphs long and include why you’re applying for this particular position, a brief overview of your professional experience, and why you in particular are the best choice for this job. While cover letters might appear optional, they can make the difference between getting the position or not.
Let’s start with the essentials:
Start it with addressing the hiring manager by name, if possible. Check the company website if it’s not in the job description. You can also call the company and ask for the hiring manager’s name, after explaining that you’d like to address your cover letter to the right person. Should their name be ambiguous, just use their first and last name. If you can’t find their name, use “Dear Hiring Manager”. Avoid “Dear Sir or Madam” or “To Whom It May Concern”, as both are considered outdated.
Start with introducing yourself and something that will wow them, such as an enthusiastic way to express why you want this job. Avoid anything that sounds like a cliché or formula, but do use keywords from the job posting and matching your skills to the jobs requirements. If you were referred to this job by someone, mention it here. Know a mutual connection? Bring that up! Did you notice the company in the news? Mention that!
Dig into your most relevant work history and talk about why your qualifications and skillset make you the best fit. In one or two paragraphs, make a logical connection between your previous accomplishments and your readiness for this new role. This is when your pitch comes in, because anyone reading this far has most likely already read your resume, so don’t repeat bullet points. Include details that really show those highlights.
Show how thankful you are to be considered for this position. You can also clarify anything necessary, like open gaps in employment, or sum up your qualifications for the role and tell them how interested you are in continuing to the next stage.
Choose a complimentary closing, such as Sincerely, Regards, Best, Respectfully, Thank You, or something similar. Avoid anything too casual- not Warm Regards, Cheers, Yours Truly, or anything used on a personal letter. Make sure to handwrite your signature, plus your fully typed name.
Keep the font simple, and around size 10-12. You should use the same font and size in your resume. Keep your cover letter single spaced and use standard margins and alignments. Save this format in either a word .doc or a PDF. Be sure to save it with a specific name, so the hiring manager will know exactly what it is when sent over. Just using “Cover Letter” is terrible, because you’re not the only person sending a cover letter! Use your first and last name, with the format of First-Name-Last-Name-Cover-Letter.doc so your hard work doesn’t disappear into an email black hole! Good luck!